Actinidia kolomikta are dioecious: plants are either male or female and if fruit is desired, at least one male is needed to pollinate up to 4 females. Grows best in a moist to average, well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade. Excess shade may prevent the leaves from showing their variegation. Plants need a trellis or fence to twine around. Prune in late fall to the desired size. In shorter growing seasons, plant in a large container and bring inside before frost to allow fruit to fully ripen.